Arcella megastoma
Large shell, 370 µm in diameter

 

 

Arcella megastoma Penard, 1902

 

Diagnosis: shell very flattened with a wide aperture; ratio diameter aperture/shell usually 0.45-0.53; with 2 to 200 nuclei.

 

Dimensions: diameters of the tests 140-402 µm; diameter of aperture 40-216 µm. My measurements 197-370 µm, diameter of aperture 87-190 µm.

 

Ecology: marshes and ponds, among algae. Common, but never abundant.

 

Remarks:I have measured the diameter of the aperture and the shell of a number of discoid Arcella specimens from several locations in the Netherlands. The results are plotted in the graph below and shows the existence of at least two different groups, probably two species, Arcella discoides and Arcella megastoma.

 

Arcella megastoma
Arcella megastoma
Arcella megastoma, aperture with pores.
Arcella megastoma
Arcella megastoma in lateral view