Microworld

world of amoeboid organisms

Menu
Bullinularia gracilis
Bullinularia gracilis – from Thomas, 1959

Bullinularia gracilis Thomas, 1959

Diagnosis: Test ellipsoid, chitinoid, with a thin covering of xenosomes, but sometimes without any xenosomes; pores and pseudostome as with B. indica, but much smaller. Color from bright yellow to brown, test transparent.

Dimensions: Thomas (1959): about 120 µm. My measurements: 160-164 µm.

Ecology: soil, mosses.

Remarks: (From Lueftenegger and Foissner:) Hoogenraad & De Groot (19526) describe two shell types for B. indica. The ‘extraordinary’ type is firm and inflexible, the ‘normal’ type is flexible and rather tenacious, consisting of a homogenous matrix, as stated also by Penard (1912). We suggest that the outer organic layer, which seems to be somewhat elastic, is responsible for the above mentioned flexibility of shells in some Bullinularia populations.

Bullinularia gracilis
Bullinularia gracilis
Bullinularia gracilis
Bullinularia gracilis
Bullinularia gracilis – 160 um, in Sphagnum – Tirol, Austria
Bullinularia gracilis – from Lueftenegger and Foissner, 1991
Recent posts

Rhizaspis armata

R. armata, 68 µm long, excl. spines – Laegieskamp Rhizaspis armata (Lauterborn, 1901) Dumack et al., 2021 Basionym: Pamphagus armatum Lauterborn, 1890 Diagnosis: Theca membranous,

Read More »

Rhizaspis spinosa

The original description with original drawings, Penard, 1890. Rhizaspis spinosa (Penard, 1890) Dumack et al., 2021 Basionym: Trinema spinosum Penard, 1890 Diagnosis: Theca membranous, ovoid

Read More »

Difflugia “pseudoclaviformis”

Difflugia “pseudoclaviformis”, front and side view, 424 µm Difflugia “pseudoclaviformis” Diagnosis: Shell pyriform, compressed, with a more or less pronounced aboral protuberance; shell composed of

Read More »

Difflugia from Lolo Pass

Shells 461-448 µm, stacked image. I found this large en remarkable shells in sediment of a small mountain lake near Lolo Pass, Montana USA. It differs

Read More »

Foraminifer drome

Unknown species, collected from the river Drôme, France, 2021 Unknown species September 2021, I found about ten specimens of an agglutinated foraminifer in a sample

Read More »

Cyclopyxis spec

Cyclopyxis spec., 168 µm Cyclopyxis spec. Diagnosis: Shell circular in ventral and dorsal view, more or less hemispherical in lateral view (height/diameter ≈ 0.5); lateral

Read More »

Difflugia fallax

Difflugia fallax, from Penard, 1902 Difflugia fallax Penard, 1890 Diagnosis: Shell hyaline or yellowish-greenish, black at low magnification, round in cross section, formed of a

Read More »

Zivkovicia compressoidea

Z. compressoidea, a-b after Chardez, 1958; c after Jung, 1942 Zivkovicia compressoidea  (Jung, 1942) new.comb. Basionym: Pontigulasia compressoidea Jung, 1942 Diagnosis: Shell ovoid and compressed,

Read More »

Zivkovicia flexa

Z. flexa, from Cash and Hopkinson, 1909 Zivkovicia flexa  (Cash and Hopkinson, 1909) Ogden, 1983 Basionym: Pontigulasia compressa var. flexa  Cash and Hopkinson, 1909 Diagnosis:

Read More »