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Bullinularia
Bullinularia species, after Bobrov et al., 2020

Genus Bullinularia Deflandre, 1953

Diagnosis: Test elliptical or circular in apertural view, hemispherical in lateral view with a flattened smooth ventral side; test yellow to dark brown, opaque, partly covered with mineral particles embedded in organic cement. Aperture is a long, eccentric, invaginated, curving slit, completely or partially hidden by the dorsal lip (cryptostome). The dorsal lip, and sometimes the ventral side, has some small or larger pores (key character!); nucleus vesicular.

Type species: Bullinularia indica (Penard, 1907)

Habitat: Soil, mosses.

Bullinularia gracilis
Bullinularia gracilis
B. gracilis

Key to the species of Bullinularia

1 Shell length exceeds shell breadth (mean l/b ratio is 1.13), ventral face is bellied, apertural furrow is very conspicuous B. foissneri
Shell breadth exceeds shell length (l/b ratio less than 1.0), ventral face is flat, depressed 2
2 Shell breadth is more than 190 μm B. maxima
Shell breadth is between 130 and 190 μm B. indica
Shell breadth is less than 130 μm 3
3 Shell length/shell breadth ratio is 0.70–0.80; mean shell breadth is 120 μm; shell is chamois to brownish, transparent B. gracilis
Shell length/shell breadth ratio is 0.85–0.95 4
4 Pores on the dorsal lip are small (2–3 μm) and numerous B. minor
Pores on the dorsal lip are large (7–8 μm) and few B. macroporum

From Bobrov et al., 2020

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