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Cell Morphology

Amoebae are single-celled organisms, consisting of protoplasma, a semi fluid, jelly-like substance, which is divided in cytoplasm and a nucleus. The latter is surrounded by the nuclear membrane, while the cytoplasm is surrounded by the cellular membrane, which serves as a mechanical and chemical boundary and provides a means of exchange of materials with the environment. This membrane is constantly immersed in water. Waste, water, oxygen, and other necessary chemicals are transferred in and out of the amoeba through the membrane.
The cytoplasm contains all of the organelles, such as the Golgi apparatus, the mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum. These organelles may appear as dark spots, but they are not identifiable light microscopically.

Cell Morphology Polychaos dubium
Polychaos dubium, a naked amoeba, is a single cell. The cytoplasm is filled with crystals and other inclusions.
Recent posts

Rhizaspis armata

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Rhizaspis spinosa

The original description with original drawings, Penard, 1890. Rhizaspis spinosa (Penard, 1890) Dumack et al., 2021 Basionym: Trinema spinosum Penard, 1890 Diagnosis: Theca membranous, ovoid

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Difflugia “pseudoclaviformis”

Difflugia “pseudoclaviformis”, front and side view, 424 µm Difflugia “pseudoclaviformis” Diagnosis: Shell pyriform, compressed, with a more or less pronounced aboral protuberance; shell composed of

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Difflugia from Lolo Pass

Shells 461-448 µm, stacked image. I found this large en remarkable shells in sediment of a small mountain lake near Lolo Pass, Montana USA. It differs

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Foraminifer drome

Unknown species, collected from the river Drôme, France, 2021 Unknown species September 2021, I found about ten specimens of an agglutinated foraminifer in a sample

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Cyclopyxis spec

Cyclopyxis spec., 168 µm Cyclopyxis spec. Diagnosis: Shell circular in ventral and dorsal view, more or less hemispherical in lateral view (height/diameter ≈ 0.5); lateral

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Difflugia fallax

Difflugia fallax, from Penard, 1902 Difflugia fallax Penard, 1890 Diagnosis: Shell hyaline or yellowish-greenish, black at low magnification, round in cross section, formed of a

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Zivkovicia compressoidea

Z. compressoidea, a-b after Chardez, 1958; c after Jung, 1942 Zivkovicia compressoidea  (Jung, 1942) new.comb. Basionym: Pontigulasia compressoidea Jung, 1942 Diagnosis: Shell ovoid and compressed,

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Zivkovicia flexa

Z. flexa, from Cash and Hopkinson, 1909 Zivkovicia flexa  (Cash and Hopkinson, 1909) Ogden, 1983 Basionym: Pontigulasia compressa var. flexa  Cash and Hopkinson, 1909 Diagnosis:

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