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Rhogostoma minus - Yana Eglit
Rhogostoma minus - Yana Eglit
Rhogostoma minus – Photomicrographs Yana Eglit

Rhogostoma minus Belar, 1921

Diagnosis: Flexible, smooth inorganic test, with aperture from which radiating lamellar, fingerlike, non-granular, branching filopodia constantly extend and retract at all angles; shape a strongly laterally flattened prolate ellipsoid projecting vertically from substratum;
Cell fills test completely. Cleft-like aperture beneath the cell hard to see in life, opening towards substratum; pseudopodia emerge through the cleft, can extend many times body length and pull the cell along the substratum; cell pulled over leading pseudopodia as trailing pseudopodia retract, progress smooth. Refractive granules; several small vesicles; large lateral contractile vacuole; nucleus usually central. Form groups of several cells. Divide by binary fission.

Dimensions: Cell broader diameter seen from dorsal end: 7.3 µm (6.5-8.5 µm) in living cultures when rapidly growing (can be 10-12 µm in old stationary cultures).

Ecology: Freshwater. Heterotrophic.

Remarks: Freshwater species of Lecythium are 3-10 times larger.

Rhogostoma minus - Yana Eglit
Rhogostoma minus – from Howe et al., 2011

Reference:

Howe, A.T., Bass, T., Scoble, J.M., Lewis, R., Vickerman, K., Arndt, H. and Cavalier-Smith, T., 2011. Novel Cultured Protists Identify Deep-branching Environmental DNA Clades of Cercozoa: New Genera Tremula, Micrometopion, Minimassisteria, Nudifila, Peregrinia – Protist, Vol. 162, 332–372

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